The World Health Organization defines health as “a state of complete well-being, free from disease and infirmity.” Although this definition is widely accepted today, there have been several definitions of health over the centuries. The term has many different meanings and has been used for different purposes. Below is a brief overview of the history of the term, its definition, and its different uses. A good health definition combines the physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of life.
Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. In the most basic sense, it is the absence of disease. In that case, health promotion would be directed at preventing disease or reducing the number of people who suffer from it. A more complicated definition includes a person’s capacity to cope with stress, and the ability to develop skills and relationships. In this way, health promotes a quality of life that is vital to achieving peace, prosperity, and happiness.
The World Health Organization’s constitution, adopted in 1948, recognizes health as a fundamental human right. The constitution states that “everyone has the right to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health.” This principle is affirmed in the rights of individuals and the responsibilities of governments. As a result, nation states are legally obliged to provide timely, affordable health care for their citizens and to make provision for the determinants of health, like food and clean water.