The pleasures of beauty have long fascinated humans, as evidenced by ancient treatments of beauty. Plotinus, for example, claimed that a woman should be pale, dimpled, and have a double chin. A beautiful face should be a sign of joy and not a source of anxiety, and a woman’s eyes and teeth should be large. However, these standards were not based on any scientific research and have not been consistently applied in the modern world.
Two main types of aesthetics have emerged over the centuries. Psychological aesthetics, which applies scientific methods to the study of aesthetic experience, attempts to derive a consensus on the laws of human appreciation. The omnium-gatherum term beauty, coined by Gustav Theodor Fechner, was adopted later by psychologists as an alternative to the formalist and objectivist connotations of beauty. Today, the scientific approach to aesthetics is largely in the hands of anthropologists, who have also rediscovered the nuances of human beauty and the role of aesthetics.
Beauty is a quality present in things and can be expressed in different ways. It can be an aspect of the world or a sense of self-expression. While beauty is an essential quality of a person, it is not the subject of art. The art world is largely associated with beauty, including beauty treatments, cosmetics, and music scores. The modern world is flooded with beautiful things, and the art industry is booming as a result.